AREAS OF USE AND EFFECTS
The main active constituents of cannabis act primarily via the CB1 and CB2 receptors of the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS), modulating the release of various neurotransmitters. This affects a number of biological and physiological processes, including pain sensation, appetite, digestion, muscle motility and tension, the immune system, and neurogenesis. Because cannabinoid receptors are found throughout the body, the spectrum of potential indications for cannabinoid-based drugs is very broad.
Medical cannabis has effects on, among other things:
- cardiovascular system
- motor skills and muscle tone
- immune system
- bone growth
Because cannabinoid receptors are found throughout the body, the spectrum of potential indications for cannabinoid-based drugs is very broad.
Many terpenes are very potent and develop their effects even in very small doses of a few ng / ml. Common terpenes found in cannabis include limonene (citrus), α-pinene (pines), linalool (lavender), β-caryophyllene (cloves, black pepper), α-myrcene (musk). Due to their pharmacological activity, terpenes can modulate the action of major cannabinoids.